Fuchsia is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. The first to be scientifically described, Fuchsia triphylla, was discovered on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola.
Fuchsia plants create beautiful two-toned draping flowers that last from spring through fall, but they need to be well-taken care of regarding frequent waterings and protection from too much sun and too low or too high temperatures.
Fuchsias need to be kept in continually moist soil. You need to strike a good balance between too much and too little water because although Fuchsia’s like moist soil, they do not like wet or waterlogged soil. They key to this is knowing when to add more water and when to refrain, but also to ensure that your Fuchsias are planted in well-draining soil so that any excess water will be able to drain away and not lead to root rot in your plant. A good way to know when to add more water is simply to dip your finger into the top of the soil. If the soil is dry to the touch, then you can water the plant, but if you can still feel moisture in the soil, then it does not need to be watered again just yet. The frequency with which your Fuchsia will need water will depend on both the conditions it is growing in, and whether it is planted in a container or directly in the ground.As with most plants, the weather has a big impact on how often you should water your Fuchsia.
Hot and dry summers will mean you need to water the plant more frequently, whereas cooler climates with some rainfall will need less watering. Fuchsias planted in containers will need more frequent watering than those planted directly in the ground, as their roots cannot seek out extra moisture and are reliant solely on the moisture contained within the pot. It is not unusual to have to water your Fuchsias daily or even twice a day during the height of summer, though you should water based on the condition of the soil, and not a watering schedule.
Fuchsia plants thrive in warm climates and cannot tolerate low temperatures. They will need to be brought inside before the first frost arrives to be overwintered indoors. You have two options on how to approach this. First, you can move your Fuchsia plant inside and allow its light and heat to keep it alive and enjoy the plant in your home over winter.
Alternatively, you can encourage your Fuchsia to enter dormancy over winter. To do this, place the plant in a dark place, such as a basement or garage, and reduce waterings down to around once a month. The temperature should be maintained at around 50º F. During its dormancy, the plant will not flower but will remain alive. It will undergo very little growth, if any, and will be storing up energy ready for the next growing season.
Fuchsias can be quite picky when it comes to humidity. If humidity is continually very high, then they will decline and eventually die, whereas very dry air can be a problem too. Average humidity levels will be best for this plant, so if your local climate is very dry, then a regular misting spray will help to keep these plants in good condition.
Most Fuchsia’s do not appreciate being in full sun conditions. Too much direct sun will cause their flowers to wilt and drop. Instead, allow the plant some direct sun ideally in the morning when it is not at its strongest, and then, protect the plant from the afternoon sun with some shade. The temperature of soil will also have a bearing on how much sun the plant can tolerate.
Fuchsia plants like to have cool soil, and when this is achieved, they can tolerate more sun. Fuchsias with hot soil will struggle to thrive in the sun, and instead should be grown in the shade. Fuchsias in containers will typically have hotter soil than those grown in the ground, and the type of container can affect soil temperature too. Plastic containers get hotter than terracotta ones, so Fuchsia plants kept in plastic containers will likely be better positioned in full to partial shade.
Around a month before the last expected frost, you should prune your plant back to around half its size and gradually allow it more indirect daylight to prepare it for returning back outside. After the final frost, it can be moved back outside to its original position and continue care as normal.
These plants are non-toxic to cats and dogs.
Fuchsia (White Flower)
A single Fuchsia Magellanica in a plastic nursery pot.